Southern Africa

The FSC Southern Africa region consists of the following countries:

  • Angola
  • Comoros
  • Botswana
  • eSwatini
  • Lesotho
  • Madgascar
  • Malawi
  • Mauritius
  • Mozambique
  • Namibia
  • South Africa
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe
Forest landscape

Southern Africa

Southern Africa Map

FSC Certification

FSC certification in South Africa is 27 years old, and the first Forest Management (FM) and Chain-of-Custody Certificates (COC) were issued in 1997.

At the moment there are 35 FM certificates covering timber, bamboo plantations and other forest landscapes.

The first National Risk Assessment and National Forest Stewardship Standard (FSS) was fully approved in 2018 by FSC International. We have a FSS in place for South Africa and Namibia, and Interim Forest Management Standards (IFSS) for various countries in Southern Africa. Please contact us for more information.

This is the certification situation in January 2024 :

FM and COC


The State of Forestry in Southern Africa

Non-indigenous plantations have been grown in Africa for more than 100 years. The most common species are Eucalyptus, Pinus, Acacia and Cupressus. These trees are grown especially for construction timber and fuel, while in Southern Africa this timber also sustains a thriving paper and pulp industry supplying markets all over the world. Wood chips form certain Eucalyptus species are also exported to Asian and European markets.


The area covered by exotic forest plantations is 2.3 million hectares of which 1.5 million hectares, or 66% of the sub-region’s total forest plantation area is in South Africa.Three countries namely Botswana, Lesotho and Namibia do not have any real  commercial  forest plantations, except some woodlots, which were established for the provision of fuelwood and poles for general farm construction. (FAO).

In Namibia, FSC® certified charcoal and other biomass products are produced from the thinning  of indigenous encroacher and alien invasive bush and tree species that harms the savannah habitat, of which significant areas are managed with the FSC Forest Management Standard.

Namibia Charcoal

Southern Africa has a variety of natural forests or woodlands. In areas where rainfall is high and received throughout the year, tropical and subtropical moist forests are found. These are generally not as large as then  more widespread woodlands that are found in the drier areas. (FAO). In Mozambique alone, tropical forests and woodlands cover 34 million hectares, or approximately 43 percent, of the country's land area (World Bank 2018).

The Miombo ecoregion made up largely of the Caesalpinioideae sub-family tree species covers more than 3.6 million km2 across South Africa, Namibia, Angola, Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Zambia and Tanzania. The well -known woodland species are in this ecoregion are Wet and Dry Miombo, Mopane, Baikaiea, Acacia/Combtretum, Burkea/Terminalia/Combretum, Afromontane, Cryptosepalum and Itigi thicket. (FAO)



Find out more about Ecosystem Services

Showing the full value of forest ecosystems is fundamental to climate action. Ecosystem services claims are the
only certification solution that provides reporting on biodiversity, carbon, water, soil, and recreation, allowing the
full impact of sustainable forestry to be calculated and recognized. This enables partnerships to promote and
reward the protection of key ecosystems

Ecosystems Services Brochure South Africa.pdf
PDF, Size: 16.50MB
Ecosystems Namibia.pdf
PDF, Size: 7.21MB

The Forestry Value chain

Consumers and societies expect businesses to be part of the solution when it comes to environmental and social issues. For any business associated with productive forests and forest products, working with FSC makes sense. We can help your business with improved efficiency, market access, meeting the UN Sustainable Development Goals, and more.

We have tailored solutions for different sectors, from furniture to pulp and paper. And we provide additional tools for businesses that choose to work with us, such as marketing materials to promote your collaboration with FSC. 

Please click on the following information graphics to find out more on each of these sectors

FSC Charcoal Namibia.pdf
PDF, Size: 957.65KB
FSC Charcoal South Africa
PDF, Size: 1.10MB
FSC Wine industry
PDF, Size: 405.72KB
Promotional License Holder Info Sheet.pdf
PDF, Size: 756.75KB
Construction FSC Infosheet.pdf
PDF, Size: 3.61MB
FSC Chain of Custody FAQ.pdf
PDF, Size: 2.83MB
Furniture FSC Info Sheet.pdf
PDF, Size: 3.90MB
Packaging FSC Info Sheet.pdf
PDF, Size: 3.10MB
Printing FSC Info Sheet.pdf
PDF, Size: 3.17MB
Project Certification Infosheet.pdf
PDF, Size: 9.01MB
Retail FSC Info Sheet.pdf
PDF, Size: 3.18MB
Solid Timber FSC Leaflet.pdf
PDF, Size: 3.71MB
Wooden Pole FSC Info Sheet.pdf
PDF, Size: 4.26MB

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